The gopher diet consists mostly of grasses and weeds. Moles mainly eat adult insects, insect larvae, and earthworms.
Gophers lead solitary lives, for the most part. They push soil to the surface during burrow building. Gopher mounds are usually fan shaped, 12”-18” wide and 4”-6” high. Very new mounds will show the entrance hole as a slight horseshoe shaped depression. Older mounds do not show the entrance. Gophers burrow deep enough that their runways do not leave pressure ridges on the surface.
Moles also tend to be solitary creatures and usually only one animal is found in a runway system. Mounds built by moles are considerably smaller and less prevalent than gopher mounds. Moles leave pressure ridges that can be seen on the surface. Moles will repair collapsed tunnels. To determine if a tunnel is active, walk heel-to-toe along the runway, flattening it as you go. If the runway is still being actively used, there will be fresh soil mounded up again within 24-48 hours.
Although moles and gophers can damage lawns and gardens, they also are beneficial in that they eat weeds and harmful insects. They also aerate the soil and improve moisture penetration. If damage to lawns and gardens becomes too great, the following control measures can be taken:
MOLES AND GOPHERS:
Try using Bonide’s MoleMax or Repellex Mole, Vole, and Gopher formula. Both are 100% natural. They absorb quickly into the soil and dis-flavor their food source. More activity may be seen for a few days following application as the animals burrow out of your yard.
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