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Native Plants for Home Landscaping

Dundee Fact Sheets

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Native Plants for Home Landscaping in USDA Zone 4

With many homeowners still struggling to remove the Japanese import buckthorn (Rhamnus) from their property, the idea of planting non-invasive, native plants is very appealing. Natives are also adapted to Minnesota’s often-difficult climate and soil conditions. This is not an exhaustive list, but these plants are readily available and suitable in home landscapes.




Picea glauca (White Spruce)
Tsuga canadensis (Canadian Hemlock)
Abies balsamea (Balsam Fir)
Pinus strobus (White Pine)
Juniperus virginiana (Juniper)
Thuja occidentalis (Arborvitae)


Acer rubrum (Red Maple)
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Betula nigra (River Birch)
Betula papyrifera (Paper Birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (Blue Beech)
Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry)
Gleditsia triacanthos (Honeylocust)
Gymnocladus dioicus (Kentucky Coffeetree)
Populus tremuloides (Quaking Poplar)
Quercus bicolor (Swamp White Oak)
Quercus ellipsoidalis (Pin Oak)
Quercus macrocarpa (Burr Oak)
Quercus rubra (Red Oak)
Tilia americana (Basswood)


Amelanchier (Serviceberry)
Cornus (Dogwood)
Diervilla (Bush Honeysuckle)
Physocarpus (Ninebark)
Rhus glabra (Sumac)
Salix discolor (Pussy Willow)
Symphoricarpos (Snowberry)
Viburnum lentago (Nannyberry Viburnum)
Viburnum trilobum (Highbush Cranberry)


Actaea (Bugbane)
Achillea (Yarrow)
Aquilegia (Columbine)
Asclepias (Butterfly Weed)
Asarum (Wild Ginger)
Baptisia (False Indigo)
Dicentra (Bleeding Heart)
Echinacea (Coneflower)
Eupatorium (Joe Pye Weed)
Geranium (Cranesbill)
Helianthus (Perennial Sunflower)
Liatris (Blazing Star)
Lilium (Lily)
Lobelia (Cardinal Flower)
Lupinus (Lupine)
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Oenothera (Evening Primrose, Sundrops)
Penstemon (Beardtongue)
Polemonium (Jacob’s Ladder)
Polygonatum (Solomon’s Seal)
Solidago (Goldenrod)
Veronicastrum (Culver’s Root)


Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich)
Osmunda claytoniana (Interrupted)


Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)
Schizachyrium scoparius (Little Bluestem)


Being a native plant does not mean that these plants will do well in every location in a yard. Some are sun lovers, while others prefer shade. Some like a wetter location and others will do poorly in wet soil. And don’t forget that many non-native plants have been here for a very long time and have adapted to Minnesota’s climate and soil, thriving in landscapes throughout USDA Zone 4.

Prepared by Barbara Whipple, Dundee Nursery


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